F - monophyletic for Protists; single lines or...

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F |-----------------------------------Archezoans (Giardia) | P | P |-----------------Dinoflagellates | |-----| P ?? | P | |-----------------Ciliates =====| |-----| P | | | P |-----------------Zooflagellates | | |-----| P | | |-----------------Eugleoids | | P | ?? | P |-----Brown Algae |=====| P |-----| P | |-----| |-----Water Molds | P | | P | |-----| |-----------Golden Algae | | | P | | |-----------------Diatoms | ?? | P |=====| ?? |-----------Red Algae | ?? |=====| P |=====| | ?? |-----Green Algae
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| |=====| | |-----PLANT KINGDOM | | |-----------FUNGI KINGDOM |-----| |-----------ANIMAL KINGDOM for the tree immediately above, "??" and "P" refer to whether or not a branch is
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Unformatted text preview: monophyletic for Protists; single lines or "P" are monophyletic, double lines or "??" are not (double lines are branches that lead to both a Protist AND at least one additional Kingdom). As "Protist" has been traditionally applied, the group is not monophyletic. This suggests that the Five Kingdom scheme is not appropriate for describing the divisions among organisms. The Five Kingdom scheme does NOT describe the True Evolutionary History of the organisms See the above tree in Campbell, Figure 26.26, p. 542. Two Schemes are presented for Kingdoms, one is monophyletic (b), the other is not (a)....
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This note was uploaded on 11/05/2011 for the course BIOLOGY MCB2010 taught by Professor Jessicadigirolamo during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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F - monophyletic for Protists; single lines or...

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