Abstract Expressionism - (19401955 .Mostpaintersofthe...

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Abstract Expressionism: (1940 - 1955) Abstract Expressionism emphasized the depiction of emotions rather than objects. Most painters of the  movement favored large canvasses, dramatic colors, and loose brushwork. The movement originated in  New York’s Greenwich Village in the mid-1940’s and was also called action painting and the New York  School. Emphasizing its independence from European art trends, Abstract Expressionism was the first  American school to influence artists over seas rather than vice versa. The movement was put into motion  by Arshile Gorky whose paintings were derived from the art of Surrealism, Picasso, and Miro. As in  Surrealism, the psychoanalytic theories of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung provided the basis for the  intellectual and internal subject matter. Their influence came from many of the artists who fled Europe for  American during World War II, notably Piet Mondrian and Max Ernst. These artists’ departure from  traditional painting inspired the revolutionary attitude of the Abstract Expressionist movement. Abstract  Expressionism held prominence until the development of Pop Art in the 1960’s. The movement allowed  New York to replace Paris as the center of the art world.
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