Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood: (1848 - 1854) The Pre-Raphaelite painters in England were devoted to developing a more pure and direct depiction of nature. They aimed to emulate the Italian Renaissance artists before Raphael. Formed in 1948, they strived to rid the art world of the conventions enforced at the Academies. They derived their name from the traditional teaching that Raphael was closest to artistic perfection and should be emulated rather than drawing from nature itself. The movement was influential on the Arts and Crafts Movement, Symbolism, and the Classicists. Brett, John - 1831 - 1902 Brown, Ford Madox - 1821 - 1893 Collinson, James - 1825 - 1881 De Morgan, Evelyn - 1855 - 1919
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