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Unformatted text preview: buried Pompeii, which lay undisturbed beneath the ashes for more than 1500 years. When excavations were started in 1748. it was seen how remarkably preserved everything was. The wet ashes and cinders had formed a hermetic seal about the town, preserving many public structures, temples, theaters, baths, shops, and private dwellings. Herculaneum Slide 7-23: Herculaneum, showing the depth of the ashes Calter Photo That same day Herculaneum was buried by mud about 65 ft deep. It is named for the person who, according to legend, founded the city; the mythical Greek Hercules. Like Pompeii it was a popular resort area for wealthy Romans. Excavations of the ruins were begun at about the same time as at Pompeii. The diggers found many villas, a theater, marble and bronze sculptures, paintings, and a library of papyrus rolls in what was named the Villa of the Papyri , copied as the Getty Museum in Malibu....
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- Fall '10