Roman Architecture - buried Pompeii which lay undisturbed...

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Roman Architecture We've done some interesting constructions. But what does this have to do with actual Roman Buildings? We'll show here that measurements of certain Roman buildings have show a preference for certain ratios, and that these ratios are found in the same constructions we have just done. The Eruption of Vesuvius Slide 7-16: View of Pompeii with Vesuvius in Background Calter Photo Let's first go to southern Italy in the first century of the current era, to the coast south of Naples. Here Mount Vesuvius (Italian Vesuvio, from Oscan word fesf, "smoke") rises to a height of 4190 feet, the only active volcano on the European mainland. On August 24 in the year AD 79 Vesuvius, the top of the mountain was blown off and the cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, and Stabiae were buried, not by lava, but by ashes and mud. About 2000 people were killed. Pompeii
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Slide 7-20: Floor Pattern from Pompeii Calter Photo The mud went westward towards Herculaneum and the ash rained southeast and
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Unformatted text preview: buried Pompeii, which lay undisturbed beneath the ashes for more than 1500 years. When excavations were started in 1748. it was seen how remarkably preserved everything was. The wet ashes and cinders had formed a hermetic seal about the town, preserving many public structures, temples, theaters, baths, shops, and private dwellings. Herculaneum Slide 7-23: Herculaneum, showing the depth of the ashes Calter Photo That same day Herculaneum was buried by mud about 65 ft deep. It is named for the person who, according to legend, founded the city; the mythical Greek Hercules. Like Pompeii it was a popular resort area for wealthy Romans. Excavations of the ruins were begun at about the same time as at Pompeii. The diggers found many villas, a theater, marble and bronze sculptures, paintings, and a library of papyrus rolls in what was named the Villa of the Papyri , copied as the Getty Museum in Malibu....
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