The Pythagoreans

The Pythagoreans - Sacred Tetractys and the Star Pentagram...

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The Pythagoreans Pythagoras was born in Ionia on the island of Sámos, and eventually settled in Crotone, a Dorian Greek colony in southern Italy, in 529 B.C.E. There he lectured in philosophy and mathematics. He started an academy which gradually formed into a society or brotherhood called the Order of the Pythagoreans. Disciplines of the Pythagoreans included: silence music incenses physical and moral purifications rigid cleanliness a mild ascetisicm utter loyalty common possessions secrecy daily self-examinations (whatever that means) pure linen clothes We see here the roots of later monastic orders. For badges and symbols, the Pythagoreans had the
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Unformatted text preview: Sacred Tetractys and the Star Pentagram , both of which we'll talk about later. There were three degrees of membership: 1. novices or "Politics" 2. Nomothets, or first degree of initiation 3. Mathematicians The Pythagoreans relied on oral teaching, perhaps due to their pledge of secrecy, but their ideas were eventually committed to writing. Pythagoras' philosophy is known only through the work of his disciples, and it's impossible to know how much of the "Pythagorean" discoveries were made by Pythagoras himself. It was the tradition of later Pythagoreans to ascribe everything to the Master himself....
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This note was uploaded on 11/05/2011 for the course ARH ARH2000 taught by Professor Karenroberts during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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