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The Rainbow - Iris was the Greek goddess of the rainbow a...

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The Rainbow Slide 9-6: Last Judgement, closeup. Giotto, 1305. In Scrovegni chapel. My heart leaps up when I behold, A rainbow in the sky: William Wordsworth (1770-1850) The circle has heavenly associations in the rainbow, which appears to touch both heaven and earth at the same time. The rainbow was often used as the Lord's throne and in scenes of the Last Judgement. When tri-colored, is associated with the Trinity. This connection to the rainbow probably came straight from both Old and New Testaments: Genesis Chap. 9, 13 "I set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be a sign of the covenant between me and the earth."
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Ezekiel 1, 26. "Like the appearance of the bow that is in the cloud on the day of rain, so was the appearance of the brightness round him." Revelation 4, 3. From the vision of God on his throne, ". . .and round the throne was a rainbow" Revelation 10, 1. "Then I saw another mighty angel coming down from heaven, wrapped in a cloud, with a rainbow over his head, . . ." Iris, Goddess of The Rainbow
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Unformatted text preview: Iris was the Greek goddess of the rainbow, a messenger of the gods, like Hermes. She descended to earth on a rainbow, which touched both realms, representing a communication between the heavenly and the earthly. Iris appears often in Virgil's Aeneid , as in, "The maiden Iris hurried on her way, along her rainbow with a thousand colors . . ." The Rainbow in Painting Slide 9-8: The Rainbow. c. 1878. George Innes (1825-1894) (New Janson p. 715) Janson, H.W. History of Art. Fifth Edition. NY: Abrams, 1995. Innes is considered the leader of the American Barbizon School. He imbued his landscapes with a sense of divine presence and rainbows had a spiritual significance for him. Other landscapes with rainbows include Millet's Spring, Constable's Salisbury Cathedral , and Turner's Buttermere Lake. Note how they give a spiritual feeling to the scene by connecting the earth with the heavens. This illustrates a recurring theme: The union of earthly and divine....
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