Research Paper 2.docx - Cameron Montalvo PSY301 Dr. Fausey...

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Cameron MontalvoPSY301 Dr. Fausey14 March 2019Critical Review Paper #2: Adult Lies and Children’s HonestyResearch SummaryA 2014 Scientific Journal Article by researchers from the University of California,Chelsea Hays and Leslie J. Carver, describes their study examining the effects of adult lies onchildren’s honesty. They explain that observation, modeling, and imitation are methods of sociallearning and creation of moral values for children. In terms of dishonesty, children may gofurther than simply imitating a lying adult, and learn to place less value in general on the conceptof honesty (Hays & Carver, 2014). This deems the topic worth researching. Their hypothesespredict that first, lying to a child would increase the chance that child peeks and lies in the test;and second, that older children would be more influenced by the lie told.Researchers designed a temptation resistance paradigm comprised of three popular toysand their identifiable audio cues. The participants were randomly assigned to either the ‘lie’ or‘no lie’ condition. During assessment, the child sat facing away from the experimenter and toy,and was asked to identify two toys from their audio cues. The researcher then played anunrelated audio cue and faked a phone call; this prompted them to tell the child not to peek, andleave the room for ninety seconds to observe the child’s behavior from a hidden camera. Thisstudy utilizes an experimental design, in which researchers manipulate independent variables,truthfulness of researcher and condition assignment, to observe effects on the dependentvariables, peeking and dishonesty of participant. Researchers randomly selected 93 preschool-age children and 93 school-age children from their population of interest to participate.Researchers measured the variables of participants’ peeking and honesty bydistinguishing groups via ‘lie’ and ‘no lie’ conditions, followed by observation of the unknowing
participants and questioning. When the participant was first brought in the room, they wereprimed with a dishonest statement or truthful statement from the researcher based on theirassigned condition, separating the two experimental groups. The researcher then engaged in theconfederate task of identifying toys based on audio cues with their participant, then left forninety seconds to measure the variable of peeking. Researchers operationalized participant“peeking” as an open-eyed turn of the head toward the toy that exceeded ninety degrees (Hays &

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Term
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Tags
researcher, Lie, Hays Carver

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