BI 107BiotechnologyFull

BI 107BiotechnologyFull - Biotechnology BI 107 Dr Potter To...

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8/25/2010 1 Biotechnology BI 107 Dr Potter Biotechnology To better understand, manipulate (hopefully in a positive way) and/or recombine genetic information between species or genetic information between species or within a species. Also applies to the molecules (proteins) coded for by that genetic information Background Information • Each diploid cell has the complete genetic information for that organism • Structurally, all double-helix chromosomes are the same, both prokaryotes and eukaryotes • For the vast majority of organisms, the “genetic code” is the same • Bacteria divide by mitosis every 30 minutes, producing billions of offspring in 24 hours (hence billions of copies of its DNA in 24 hours) Tools of the Trade • Restriction endonucleases (RE), esp those that leave “sticky ends” • Recombinant DNA: DNA from two organisms combined into one organism • Reverse transcriptase (RT): makes DNA from RNA • Heat tolerant DNA polymerase
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This note was uploaded on 11/04/2011 for the course BI 107 taught by Professor Fuller during the Spring '08 term at Montgomery College.

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BI 107BiotechnologyFull - Biotechnology BI 107 Dr Potter To...

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