lecture_4_4

lecture_4_4 - 21A.100 Prof Howe Race and Anthropology Huge...

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21A.100 Prof. Howe Race and Anthropology Huge topic – only going to cover a small portion of the discussion Two notions about race: Race has a biological meaning, but not a social meaning *Race has a social meaning but not a biological meaning. *The second notion is the one preferred by anthropologists. American Anthropological Association has a statement on race that can be found here: http://www.aaanet.org/stmts/racepp.htm Their reasoning starts out with a genetic argument: o Gradual not abrupt changes o Traits vary independently o Race is essentially subjective It also focuses on the history of race: o Race gets it’s meaning from slavery and colonialism Humans develop in culture and all humans have the ability to learn all cultural forms Why does anthropology feel so compelled to respond to the notion of race? In part because of where this concept came from. Linneaus – Systema Naturae Believed that god created the the categories of race Categories were fixed and unchanging Blumenbach 1795 Degeneration of Races Organized a racial hierarchy Created the term “Caucasian” because the skull form he found most beautiful came from Georgia, and thus it must have been most closely related to Adam and Eve. Caucasian
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lecture_4_4 - 21A.100 Prof Howe Race and Anthropology Huge...

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