lecture_7_2

lecture_7_2 - 21A.100 Prof. Howe Potlatch and Kula The...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
21A.100 Prof. Howe Potlatch and Kula The ethnographic reality behind these concepts Potlatch 1. The Culture a. North West coast cultural area is mostly in Canada b. Whole series of related groups all the way up to Alaska c. Fascinating area i. Agricultural is not possible under primitive conditions ii. Rely on hunting and gathering, very abundant 1. Salmon 2. Olachen – oily fish 3. Sea mammals: whales, seals 4. Shell fish iii. Unusual that these hunter-gatherers are sedentary. d. Many of the groups are famous in anthropology. e. The names we use are not necessarily the names the people use for themselves f. Most famous is the Kwakiutl g. Had an unusual amount of art i. Many decorated columns that have come to be called totem poles ii. Woven blankets iii. Canoes iv. Painted elaborate murals on their homes 1. Homes designed for rituals 2. Wooden A-frame houses v. People started collecting their art, but not always legitimately. vi. Some would be stolen, or tribe members would sell them, even though they had no individual rights to sell the art.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
vii. Many collections are now giving the art back in recent years, compelled by law h. Environmentally rich area i. They were not egalitarian i. Had a whole social hierarchy 1. Chiefs 2. Gradations of aristocrats 3. Commoners 4. Slaves j. Many different colonial powers came through this area i. Meeting ground of colonial powers 1. Capt. Cook visited the NW Coast. 2. Lewis and Clark 3. Russians from Bering Straits 4. Spanish from CA 5. Later Americans and Canadians k. Heavily involved in the fur trade i. Sea otter 2. The Practice a. Extensively observed in the late 19 th century b. Gave away i. Native blankets ii. Hudson bay blankets iii. Coppers – natively mined copper hammered into specific shapes. c. The Canadian govt. tried to stop this project i. Law stated: You could not have exchange of gifts with 5 or more people in a single place. ii. Groups got around the law
Background image of page 2
1. They then started walking potlatches would go from house to house, with never more than 5 people in one place at a time. 3. Understanding the Potlatch a. Mauss and many others have tried to make sense of this b. Info comes from a variety of sources c. Much of it came from Franz Boas- i. His methods of fieldwork heavily dependant on taking texts ii. Had people write down essays on how they did certain things, like hunting or cooking iii. People feel he didn’t give enough credit to his assistants
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 7

lecture_7_2 - 21A.100 Prof. Howe Potlatch and Kula The...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online