2_9_05_216j_rev

2_9_05_216j_rev - 21A.216J Dilemmas in Bio-Medical Ethics...

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21A.216J Dilemmas in Bio-Medical Ethics 2005/2/9 (W), Week 2, Class 3 Readings Patricia A. Marshall and Barbara A. Koenig, “Bioethics in Anthropology: Perspectives on Culture, Medicine, and Morality” in Medical Anthropology: Contemporary Theory and Method, revised edition edited by Carolyn F Sargent and Thomas M Johnson, pp 349-373. Bioethics v Medical Ethics Bioethics—new technology Medical ethics—older, patient-doctor realm Ethical and moral challenges of healthcare and cross-cultural populations Four principles of bioethics of western philosophical tradition: Autonomy—understanding competence o Question: How is this not western? We view individuals as discrete. John Locke: relation of persons to government, protections of rights to property—of white males—in state of freedom and equality. o Example: Informed consent and competence in USA. In Haiti, families may go to the doctor to get the diagnosis, rather than an individual o Disclosure—only 1 person in the USA, but in Italy, one can talk to the family and not tell the patient if s/he has terminal cancer
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2_9_05_216j_rev - 21A.216J Dilemmas in Bio-Medical Ethics...

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