3_14_05_216j_rev

3_14_05_216j_rev - 21A.216J Dilemmas in Bio-Medical Ethics(M Week 7 Class 12 Readings G.L Chadwick Historical Perspective Nuremberg Tuskegee and

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21A.216J Dilemmas in Bio-Medical Ethics 2005/3/14 (M), Week 7, Class 12 Readings G.L. Chadwick, “Historical Perspective: Nuremberg, Tuskegee, and the Radiation Experiments,” Journal of the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care . Vol 3, No 1 (1997):27-28 Robert Proctor, “Nazi Medicine and the Politics of Knowledge,” in The “Racial” Economy of Science: Toward a Democratic Future , pp 344-358 James Jones, “The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment: ‘A Moral Astigmatism,’” in The “Racial” Economy of Science: Toward a Democratic Future , pp 275-286 World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki (5 pages) National Bioethics Advisory Commission, Ethical and Policy Issues in Research Involving Human Participants, August 2001, Summary (20 pages): http://www.georgetown.edu/research/nrcbl/nbac/pubs . html Class Business and Background to New Section When unintended consequences lead to racialist medical practices that are detrimental to its subjects Issues of power—where does power come into play? Concepts of racial hygiene from 17 th to 19 th century—is it feasible to think about how we are going to preserve the most fit from the least fit especially when we look at reproduction technologies Foucault and Biopower—how is it that medicine is aligned with the state in promoting public health (pros, cons)?—today with Nazi and Tuskegee—medical research can be used to extent of genocide How can science provide authority for those practices? Blackboard—Racial Hygiene Carolus Linnaeus (Sweden), 1707-1778 Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, 1744-1829—debate of nature vs nurture, where focused on nurture Joseph Arthur Comte de Gobineau, 1816-1882, An Essay on the Inequality of the Races (1853-1855), wrote about Haitians and considered to be father of racial hygiene who posited that strong hierarchy of races, Aryan nation at top, and those of Nordic background were at the pinnacle (degenerated form were Mediterraneans). Eugenics present in USA, Germany, London, other European nations—and colonies, too, as sites of degeneracy Discussion of monogenism (common stock) vs polygenism (different races, different stock)—played out in 19 th century © 2005 MIT OCW 1
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20 th century—agreed “on monogenism, but there is a hierarchy” Sir Francis Galton, 1822-1911 Cousins built on ideas of who should Charles Darwin, 1809-1882 govern, who should be on top How policy informs science Student Presentation: Articles were more historical than what we’ve been reading “Historical Perspective: Nuremberg, Tuskegee, and the Radiation Experiments” Chadwick is professor of medical humanities, human subject research. Overview of human subjects experimentation legislation
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This note was uploaded on 11/06/2011 for the course ANTHRO 216 taught by Professor James during the Fall '05 term at MIT.

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3_14_05_216j_rev - 21A.216J Dilemmas in Bio-Medical Ethics(M Week 7 Class 12 Readings G.L Chadwick Historical Perspective Nuremberg Tuskegee and

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