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4_11_05_216j_rev

4_11_05_216j_rev - 21A.216J Dilemmas in Bio-Medical...

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21A.216J Dilemmas in Bio-Medical Ethics 2005/4/11 (M), Week 10, Class 18 Readings Thompson, Charis. 2002. “Fertile Ground: Feminists Theorize Infertility.” In Infertility Around the Globe: New Thinking on Childlessness, Gender, and Reproductive Technologies. Edited by Marcia C. Inhorn, Frank van Balen. Berkeley: University of California Press. Kahn, Susan Martha. “Rabbis and Reproduction: The Uses of New Reproductive Technologies among Ultraorthodox Jews in Israel.” 2002. Infertility Around the Globe: New Thinking on Childlessness, Gender, and Reproductive Technologies. Edited by Marcia C. Inhorn, Frank van Balen. Berkeley: University of California Press. Paxson, Heather. 2003. “With or Against Nature? IVF, Gender, and Reproductive Agency in Athens, Greece.” Social Science and Medicine. 56 (2003) 1853-1866. Class Business Biopolitics, ideas of reproduction, gender, kinship, at a local level. Gender-kinship ideology, the local moral world. National identity, national security. Who has access, who doesn’t? To what extent does the availability of care affect access? How do we define nature or nurture? What do we mean when we talk about the human? What are the borders between species? To what extent are those ideals able to be resisted? Are they means of reinforcing these existing stereotypes of gender? Background reading of Stem Cell reading—chapters of science of stem cell research for next week Student presentation “Fertile Ground: Feminists Theorize Infertility.” Thompson works on pronatalist technology, in situ biological diversity conservation, infertility in the age of the perfect feminist text Infertility as a text—to read debates about gender, economics, law, race, etc., a black box that can be revealed much about culture. The medicalization of infertility, gender stratification, consumer-oriented business. Phase 1: burden of infertility vs perpetuating gender stratification and roles; feminists wrote about infertility as a crisis, rejecting masculinity… more later Feminists were worried about regulations not keeping up with technology and various NRT abuses, did not increase reproductive choice, potentially optimistic, to reduce class differences © 2005 MIT OCW 1
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“Just say no” tone—to what extent does availability of these technologies reinforce view that women’s identities are solely as mothers? Feminists say that technologies reinforce existing gender division and power inequalities, reifying view that women should be mothers – that this role is natural, the way they should be.
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