5_4_05_216j_rev

5_4_05_216j_rev - 21A.216J Dilemmas in Bio-Medical Ethics...

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21A.216J Dilemmas in Bio-Medical Ethics 2005/5/4 (W), Week 13, Class 24 Continuing Margaret Lock. Twice Dead. Class Business. Theory—discourse about the gift; commodity exchanges in the market; organ transplantation in the United States Presenter: Professor Erica James Page 299-377—Margaret Lock—starts talking about how the process of dissection and concerns for anatomy, the Western tradition, created an interior for the body, the relative ease for which the body can easily be commodified in the West. Argument: Greek/Roman tradition situated in a collective group located in a lineage of ancestors. When Christianity became more popular, stories of Lazarus raised from the dead and Jesus resurrected and focus went to the body, without the ritual ceremony or practices. Shift to individual, to the material body that can be resurrected and death. Changed the value of the corpse, Christian saints were believed to have symbolic power. In the Islamic tradition, the body can have spiritual power for healing through supplication, touch—idea that corporeal body can still have an essence, fertility to it. Medieval and renaissance dissection vs. vivisection (alive) With dissection’s popularity, it moved into spectacle/performance/theater into the public sphere. Important for medicine but also for discipline—Foucauldian torture, public space and the visible sign of the Sovereign. Public dissections almost have a punitive function. Even dissections occurred in church spaced, but eventually secularized and quintessential to creating doctors. Anatomy lab is still a very ritual space for doctors. (Premeds, keep in touch and let her know how it is.) Provided a way to commodify bodies. Then, a market was created for dead bodies. Ideas of body snatchers. How even today, unclaimed bodies, how reducing it to a commodity can provide for trade.
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This note was uploaded on 11/06/2011 for the course ANTHRO 216 taught by Professor James during the Fall '05 term at MIT.

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5_4_05_216j_rev - 21A.216J Dilemmas in Bio-Medical Ethics...

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