MIT21A_218JS10_lec09 - GENDER Read: Laqueur, Thomas....

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GENDER Read: Laqueur, Thomas. “Orgasm, generation, and the politics of reproductive biology.” In Lancaster, Roger N., & Micaela di Leonardo. The Gender Sexuality Reader: Culture, History, Political Economy . New York, NY: Routledge, 1997. ISBN: 9780415910057. Willis, Paul. “Masculinity and factory labor.” In Alexander, Steven, and Jeffrey Seidman. Culture and Society: Contemporary Debates . New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 1990. ISBN: 978-0521359399. Originally in Clarke, John, et al. Working-Class Culture: Studies in History and Theory . London, England: Hutchinson, 1979. ISBN: 9780312889784. Cohn, Carol. “Wars, wimps, and women: Talking gender and thinking war.” In Kimmel, Michael S. The Gendered Society Reader . New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2010. ISBN: 978-0199733712. Lucal, Betsy. “What it means to be gendered me: Life on the boundaries of a dichotomous gender system.” Gender and Society 13 (1999): 781-797. The distinction between “gender” and “sex” is new Gender: the meanings that a particular society gives to the physical or biological traits that differentiate males and females It’s hard to understand nowadays that the notion of gender did not exist; “gender” was a grammatical term, not an analytic category Masculinity isn’t so much about men as about processes and practices we associate with male bodies (p. 166 Pascoe) Pascoe mentions Judith Butler’s dismissal of “male” & “female” as biological constructs Gender is accomplished through day-to-day interactions, the “activity of managing situated conduct in light of normative conceptions of attitudes and activities appropriate for one’s sex category” (in Pascoe pp. 13-14) Brief history of anthropological thinking on gender Earlier scholarship dealt with women’s lives in ethnographic chapters on division of labor by sex, personality, or marriage, family and kinship Behavioral sciences research on men as men appeared only in the early 1970s because earlier, “men” meant “human” 11 Gender I 2008 12/14/2010
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2 The topics of men’s roles, masculinity, were found only in the subfields dealing with pathology and child development In anthropology, more attention was paid to these issues because of anthropology’s comparative approach For example, what men were supposed to do and think and feel, as men in an exotic society sometimes differed greatly from our notions of masculinity, and so was mentioned Very few studies focused on women; those that did appear continue to be regarded as important Otherwise, women were in the background; women appeared as the pawns of men’s exchanges in kinship theory, for example Women were strikingly absent in the anthropological literature on human evolution and research on stratification, power, and political economy An example of male bias: the research on foragers (hunter-gatherers) was done by men who talked to native men, or looked at male primates S o m e r e s e a r c h e r s w e r
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This note was uploaded on 11/06/2011 for the course ANTHRO 218 taught by Professor Jackson during the Fall '10 term at MIT.

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MIT21A_218JS10_lec09 - GENDER Read: Laqueur, Thomas....

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