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The distinction between “gender” and “sex” is new
Gender: the meanings that a particular society gives to the physical or biological traits
that differentiate males and females
It’s hard to understand nowadays that the notion of gender did not exist; “gender” was a
grammatical term, not an analytic category
Masculinity isn’t so much about men as about processes and practices we associate with
male bodies (p. 166 Pascoe)
Pascoe mentions Judith Butler’s dismissal of “male” & “female” as biological constructs
Gender is accomplished through day-to-day interactions, the “activity of
managing situated conduct in light of normative conceptions of attitudes and
activities appropriate for one’s sex category” (in Pascoe pp. 13-14)
Brief history of anthropological thinking on gender
Earlier scholarship dealt with women’s lives in ethnographic chapters on division of labor
by sex, personality, or marriage, family and kinship
Behavioral sciences research on men
appeared only in the early 1970s
because earlier, “men” meant “human”
11 Gender I 2008 12/14/2010