MIT21A_218JS10_lec10

MIT21A_218JS10_lec10 - Religion; Social Class Read:...

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Religion; Social Class Read: Jacobson, Shari. “Modernity, conservative religious movements and the female subject: Newly ultraorthodox Sephardi women in Buenos Aires.” American Anthropologist 108 (2006): 336-346. Rouse, Carolyn, and Janet Hoskins. “Purity, soul food, and Sunni Islam: explorations at the intersection of consumption and resistance.” Cultural Anthropology 19 (2004): 226- 249. Orwell, George. “The pecking order of a restaurant,” 1933. “The lower classes smell,” 1937. In Coser, Lewis. Sociology Through Literature . Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice- Hall, 1972. ISBN: 978-0138215385. Mantsios, Gregory. “Media magic: making class invisible.” Zinn, Maxine Baca, and D. Stanley Eitzen. “Economic restructuring and systems of inequality at century’s end.” VanderStaay, Steven. “The Armstrongs: an oral history.” Newman, Katherine. “Working poor, working hard.” In Andersen, Margaret L., and Patricia Hill Collins. Race, Class and Gender . 4 th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 2000. ISBN: 9780534568924 . RELIGION I. Anthropological views A. Religion is seen as part of culture, a component of a particular cultural system 1. Example: in the U.S. Southwest, the Navajo people practice the Navajo religion a. Illustrates conventional view: a close association with a group of people who identify themselves as a distinct culture with a distinct language b. It’s difficult to imagine what Navajo religion could be if someone who doesn’t speak Navajo believed in it and practiced it B. But most often religions are linked to culture (in the sense of “a culture”), nation, and ethnicity in more complicated fashion 1. World religions (Christianity, Buddhism, Islam) 2. Such major religions have a core set of meanings, symbols, and practices that adapt fairly easily to different cultural contexts 14 Social class 2008 12/14/2010
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2 a. Islam in Nigeria very different from Islam in Indonesia; both are very different from African American Sunni Islam b. Faint echoes of the original culture will remain c. Because all world religions began in a single culture d. There will be premises, assumptions, and sometimes language from the original culture e. Example: traces in Christianity and early Judaism 1) The list of approved-of practices and beliefs in the Bible that are no longer acceptable is extensive a) Polygyny, stoning to death, slaves, witches 3. Another influence: concepts and practices from cultural systems that existed in between the original cultural context and the present a. Many Orthodox Jewish practices originated in Central European communities over the last few centuries b. Clothing; shaving the bride’s head at marriage and donning a wig 4. If it’s in the same locale there will be stronger connections between the culture that existed at the beginning of the religion and the present-day culture a. But this varies as well b. Islam in the Middle East c. Judaism in Israel 5. Or if there’s a fundamentalist movement that stresses return to roots of the
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MIT21A_218JS10_lec10 - Religion; Social Class Read:...

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