MIT21A_218JS10_lec13

MIT21A_218JS10_lec13 - Race 1 Read: Omi, Michael, and...

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Race 1 Read: Omi, Michael, and Howard Winant. “Racial formation.” In Racial Formation in the United States: From the 1960s to the 1990s . New York, NY: Routledge, 1994. ISBN: 978-0415908641. Smedley, Audrey. “‘Race’ and the construction of human identity.” American Anthropologist 100 (1999): 690-702. U.S. Office of Managemenet and Budget. “Federal Statistical Directive No. 15: Race and Ethnic Standards for Federal Statistics and Administrative Reporting.” Jensen, Robert. “White Privilege Shapes the U.S.” Jensen, Robert. “More Thoughts on Why the System of White Privilege is Wrong.” Jefferson, Thomas. “Letter from Thomas Jefferson: Virginia’s definition of a mulatto.” In Ferrante, Joan, and Prince Browne, Jr. The Social Construction of Race and Ethnicity in the United States . Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2001. ISBN: 978- 0130283238. Du Bois, W.E.B. “ The Philadelphia Negro: A social study, ” 1899. “ The souls of Black folk, ” 1903. In Farganis, James. Readings in Social Theory: The Classic Tradition to Post-Modernism . New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2010. ISBN: 978-0078111556. Jacobs, Harriet. “Incidents in the life of a slave girl.” In Bogarad, Carley Rees, Lynne Crockett, and Jan Zlotnik Schmidt. Legacies . Boston, MA: Wadsworth, 2008. ISBN: 9781428206298. I. What is “race”? A. A discourse, an ideology that holds that the presumed biological essence constitutes the core of one’s identity B. Omni & Winant: 1. Race is a concept that signifies and symbolizes social conflicts and interests by referring to different types of human bodies 2. Invokes biologically based human characteristics (so-called “phenotypes”) C. In contrast to the other major distinction of this type, that of gender 1. There is no biological basis for distinguishing among human groups along the lines of race 1 Material in lecture from Smedley, Omni & Winant, and Peter Wade, 2002 Race, Nature and Culture: An Anthropological Perspective . London: Pluto. 18 Race I 2008 12/14/2010
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2 II. Race is always and necessarily a social and historical process; a social, historical construct A. The notion that races exist with definable physical characteristics 1. And, even more so, that some races are superior to others 2. Is the result of particular historical processes…colonization by European peoples B. What kinds of social constructions? 1. Example: in North America: category ‘black’ historically included anyone with a known ‘drop of black blood” 2. Omni and Winant begin their essay with court case over a woman 1/32 drop of Negro blood 3. In contrast, in Latin America: a continuum of racial categories and often only people who look quite African in appearance will be identified as ‘black’’ a. “Black” has no simple referent there 1) The darkest of a set of siblings might have the nickname of “el negro,” or “la negra” b. In Colombia people with very black skin can be classified as blancos ’ in settings where the main opposition is between
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MIT21A_218JS10_lec13 - Race 1 Read: Omi, Michael, and...

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