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Exam1studyguide - MBI Study Guide Chapter 8 adolescents...

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MBI Study Guide Chapter 8: adolescents, young adults and adults Intensity: cardiovascular workload measured by heart rate Body Mass Index : the ratio of weight (in kilograms) to height (in meters, squared) Hypertension : systolic pressure equal to or greater than 140mm of mercury (Hg) and/or diastolic pressure equal to or greater than 90mm Hg for extended periods of time Hypercholesterolemia : high levels of cholesterol in the blood Approximately 75% of adolescent and young adult morality can be attributed to motor vehicle crashes, other unintentional injuries, homicide and legal intervention, and suicide Mortality rates for older adults (45-64 years old) have declined in recent years, but cancer is still the overall leading cause of death, followed by cardiovascular disease Chapter 11: The Nation’s Health and Health Care Delivery Mental Health: emotional and social well being, including one’s psychological resources for dealing with day-to-day problems of life Mental Illness: a collective term for all diagnosable mental disorders Mental Disorders : health conditions characterized by alterations in thinking, mood, or behavior (or some combination thereof) associated with distress and/of impaired functioning Cultural competence : service provider’s degree of compatibility with the specific culture of the population served, for example, proficiency in language(s) other than English, familiarity with cultural idioms of distress or body language Major depression : an affective disorder characterized by a dysphonic mood, usually depression, or loss of interest or pleasure in almost all usual activities or pastimes General Adaption Syndrome (GAS): is the complex physiological response resulting from exposure to stressors Fight or flight reaction : an alarm reaction that prepares one physiologically from sudden action Disease of adaptation : diseases that result from chronic exposure to excess levels of stressors, which produce a general adaptation syndrome response
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Moral treatment : treatment for mental illness based on belief that mental illness was caused by moral decay Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT): method of treatment for mental disorders involving
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