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Exam 1 Study Guide - MBI 131 Exam 1 Study Guide Chapter 1...

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MBI 131 Exam 1 Study Guide Chapter 1- Community Health: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow Health - dynamic state or condition of the human organism that is multidimensional in nature, a resource for living, and results from a person’s interactions with and adaptations to his or her environment; therefore, it can exist in varying degrees and is specific to each individual and his or her situation Health determined by: 1. Gestational endowments (i.e. genetic makeup) 2. Social circumstances 3. Environmental conditions 4. Behavioral choices 5. Availability of quality medical care Community - group of people who have common characteristics; can be defined by location, race, ethnicity, age, occupation, interest in particular problems or outcomes, or other common bonds Public Health - actions that society takes collectively to ensure that the conditions in which people can be healthy can occur Public health system - organizational mechanism of those activities undertaken within the formal structure of government and the associated efforts of private and voluntary organizations and individuals Community health - health status of a defined group of people and the actions and conditions to promote, protect, and preserve their health Population Health - health status of people who are not organized and have no identity as a group or locality and the actions and conditions to promote, protect, and preserve their health Global health - describes health problems, issues, and concerns that transcend national boundaries, may be influenced by circumstances or experiences in other countries, and are best addressed by cooperative actions and solutions Community health activities - activities that are aimed at protecting or improving the health of a population or community Factors that affect health of a community: a. Physical factors a. Geography b. Environment c. Community size d. Industrial development b. Social and cultural forces a. Beliefs, traditions, and prejudices
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b. Economy c. Politics d. Religion e. Socioeconomic status c. Community Organizing a. Definition: process through which communities are helped to identify common problems or goals, mobilize resources, and in other ways develop and implement strategies for reaching their goals they have collectively set d. Individual behavior a. Behavior of individual community members contributes to health of entire community Spiritual Era of Public Health- time during Middle Ages when the causation of communicable disease was linked to spiritual forces Modern Era of Public Health- era of public health that began in 1850 and continues today Bacteriological Period of Public Health- period of 1875-1900, during which the causes of many bacterial disease were discovered Health Resources Development Period- years of 1900-1960, a time of great growth in health care facilities and providers - 4 phases: 1. The Reform Phase (1900-1920) a. Growing concern about social problems in America b. Population growing rapidly c. Characterized by social movements to improve health conditions in cities and in the workplace d.
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