CL+Fa10+L1-+S

CL+Fa10+L1-+S - Conditioning & Learning: Lecture 1 Lecture...

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Conditioning & Learning: Conditioning & Learning: Lecture 1 Lecture 1 Introduction to Learning (Ch 1), Elicited Behavior, Habituation, & Sensitization (Ch 2)
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Outline: Introduction to Learning Outline: Introduction to Learning (Ch 1) (Ch 1) I. Overview II. Historical Perspective III. Dawn of Modern Era IV. What is Learning? V. Methodology of Studying Learning VI. Use of Non-Human Animals in Learning Research
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I. Overview I. Overview Without the ability to learn, no organism would last very long in a changing world Learning: lasting change in the mechanisms of behavior involving specific stimuli &/or responses that results from prior experience with Focusing on behavior, NOT on the type of learning you are doing right
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II. Historical Perspective - II. Historical Perspective - Descartes Descartes René Descartes (1596-1650) Cartesian Dualism Involuntary behavior: reflexes Voluntary behavior: not dependent upon external stimuli Nativism: born with innate notions
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II. Historical Perspective – the II. Historical Perspective – the Mind Mind John Locke (1632-1704) & the British Empiricists Empiricism: ideas acquired through sensory experiences Hedonism (T Hobbes): pursuit of pleasure, avoidance of pain Association: linkage between 2+ events so occurrence of one brings about thoughts of the other
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II. Historical Perspective – II. Historical Perspective – Associations Associations 2 rules: Primary Secondary Primary: 1. Contiguity: occurring together 2. Similarity: alike in some respect (e.g., color) 3. Contrast : strikingly different in some manner (e.g., tall vs. short) Secondary: Many forms (e.g., intensity, frequency, recency, similarity to past associations) Only theoretical until Ebbinghaus’s (1850-1909) nonsense syllables
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II. Historical Perspective – II. Historical Perspective – Reflexes Reflexes Descartes: animal spirits released by pinneal C. Bell & F. Magendie (~1800): separate nerves Russians (19 th century): I.M. Sechenov: inhibition, intensity, voluntary behavior I. Pavlov: responses change as result of experience; conditioning Image from http://www.forteantimes.com/features/articles/73/animal_spirits .html Image from http://www.rcreptiles.com/blog/index.php/2008/01/1
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III. Modern Era
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This note was uploaded on 11/05/2011 for the course 830 311 taught by Professor Joannehash-converse during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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CL+Fa10+L1-+S - Conditioning & Learning: Lecture 1 Lecture...

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