Lectures+07-09+_Assess+_+Occipital+lobe_

Lectures+07-09+_Assess+_+Occipital+lobe_ - Lecture 07:...

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Lecture 07: Neuropsych assessment
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I. Neuropsych Assessment I. Overview II. Types of function III. Multidimensional testing IV. Approaches: test battery vs process-oriented V. Standardization & Stats
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Neuropsychological Testing Psychometrics The science (theory & methods) applied to psychological measurement of human subjects Basis of standardized tests Tests establish norms (or standards) for typical performance in a population In the best case scenario, tests are administered under conditions that are consistent across all individuals and that will yield a quantifiable measure that can be compared against a set of standard scores e.g., consistency would include administering the same materials & tasks, providing the same instructions, allowing results to be scored in the same way Varying procedures and tools may lead to incorrect assessment However, variation in testing is always the subject of investigation instructions and understanding will vary with cultural and educational background of individuals Careful attention must be given to the creation of tests that are independent of experiential differences that subjects bring to the testing room
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Where is the deficit? Can the individual Learn, retain and express information? (achievement) Demonstrate ability to do well in specific situations? (aptitude) Operate normally and effectively on a minute-by- minute basis? – e.g., brush teeth, fix breakfast, get dressed (self-management/adaptation) Show normal emotional, motivational and interpersonal behaviors (personality)
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Crystallized vs Fluid Functions Differentiate Crystallized Functions that reflect attitudes, values and practices of a given social group or culture Such abilities are learned Fluid Functions that are less dependent on learning Innate performance – intelligence? Overlap in how this differentiation is tested e.g., tests of abstract reasoning and problem-solving rely on factual knowledge; still, they represent a greater challenge of mental faculties
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Multidimensional Testing
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Motoric/Sensory Attentional/Perceptual Linguistic/Cognitive Personality/ Emotional Hierarchical Approach to Assessing Behavior
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Alexander Luria These basic functions are integrated with every instance of a behavioral act Examples: Act 1: Phone rings, you pick up and answer Minimal arousal, planning or evaluation Act 2: Explaining on the phone your plans for the weekend and where you shall meet Considerable attention and arousal, planning and evaluation Were brain injury to be incurred and it failed to alter behavioral act 1,
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This note was uploaded on 11/05/2011 for the course 830 310 taught by Professor Joannehash-converse during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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Lectures+07-09+_Assess+_+Occipital+lobe_ - Lecture 07:...

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