Final Study Guide
This study-guide is meant to help you prepare for the final examination (May 5, 2011,
The exam will cover the reading, lecture, and discussion materials from
February 17 to the end of the semester.
The exam will consist of identifications, an essay, and a primary source analysis.
(7% each = 35%)
You must identify a person, place, or institution, or define a historical term. In a few
sentences, locate him/her/it in time and place, and indicate its historical significance
information may be drawn from lectures and readings.
Example: Martin Luther
1483-1546, theologian and church reformer, leader in the German Reformation. A
s son from Saxony, Luther became an Augustinian friar and theology professor at
Wittenberg. His criticism of indulgences (1517) provoked a major scandal in the Church. Luther
broadened his attacks to include numerous church doctrines and practices (sacraments, priestly
powers and privileges, monasteries, the cult of the saints, religious images, etc.) and formulated
alternative teachings (justification by faith, the priesthood of all believers, the Bible as sole
authority) in numerous writings. After various refusals to retract these opinions, he was
excommunicated by the Church and was placed under the imperial ban (1521). Protected by the
Electors of Saxony, Luther continued to teach, write and lead his movement until his death.
There will be eight identifications on the exam, of which you must answer
. All will
be chosen from the following list.
Teresa of Avila –
was a mystic, gifted writer, and reformer of the Carmelite nuns.
She was canonized on the
same day in 1622 as Ignatius of Loyola and Francis Xavier.
The garden of olives was the place outside Jerusalem