Plants - Click to edit Master subtitle style Kingdom...

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Unformatted text preview: Click to edit Master subtitle style Kingdom Plantae Kingdom Plantae • Over 295,000 species • Multicellular • Photosynthetic autotrophs • Cell walls with cellulose • Chlorophylls a and b, and carotenoids • Starch as store for sugars • Mostly terrestrial • Alternation of generations Kingdom Plantae Timeline • 435 MYA first land plants • 410-415 MYA first vascular plants • 375-380 MYA first ferns • 250-260 MYA first seed plants • 135 MYA first flowering plants Kingdom Plantae Breakthroughs • Waxy cuticle on outside of plant • Vascular tissue • Spores for dispersal • Seeds for dispersal • Flowers and fruit for seed dispersal Classification of Kingdom Plantae • Phylum Rhyniophyta (earliest vascular plants) • Phylum Progymnospermophyta (progymnosperms) • Phylum Pteridospermophyta (seed ferns) • Phylum Charophyta (stoneworts) • Phylum Bryophyta (non-vascular land plants) • Phylum Psilophyta (whisk ferns) • Phylum Lycophyta (club mosses) • Phylum Sphenophyta (horsetails) • Phylum Pterophyta (ferns) • Phylum Cycadophyta (cycads) • Phylum Gnetophyta (gnetophytes!) • Phylum Coniferophyta (conifer) • Phylum Anthophyta (flowering plants) Plant Life Cycles to Learn • Bryophyte – moss • Seedless vascular plant – ferns • Gymnosperm – cone bearing plants • Angiosperm – flowering plants Classification of Kingdom Plantae • Phylum Rhyniophyta (earliest vascular plants) • Phylum Progymnospermophyta (progymnosperms) • Phylum Pteridospermophyta (seed ferns) • Phylum Charophyta (stoneworts) • Phylum Bryophyta (non-vascular land plants) • Phylum Psilophyta (whisk ferns) • Phylum Lycophyta (club mosses) • Phylum Sphenophyta (horsetails)...
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2008 for the course BIO 1102 taught by Professor Kendramaxwell during the Spring '08 term at Appalachian State.

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Plants - Click to edit Master subtitle style Kingdom...

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