Medical Ethics Darin Harootunian 10/5/11 2 Rule Utilitarianism (RU): An act is morally right if and only if the act is required by a rule, which belongs to a set of rules, which when accepted and observed by a society maximizes the net amount of happiness across all the affected parties. Suppose we have a rule against strangling babies –Babies shouldn’t be strangled(or as an imperative, Don’tstrangle babies!). It would seem that a set of rules that contained thisrule, which when adopted and observed by the society, would maximize the net amount of happiness across all the parties affected. The babieswould be happier if they’re not being strangled. The parentswould be happier if their babiesare not being strangled. Everyone would be happier –except maybe Wilhelm. It would seem that including this rule in the set of rules accepted and observed by a society would maximize the net amount of happiness across all the affected parties. The rule requires that we refrain from strangling babies; the act of refraining from strangling babies is morally right. Wilhelm’s act ofstrangling Baby Hitler is morally wrong. (Obviously, the rule that I formulated here was illustration and amusement.
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