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Unformatted text preview: Medical Ethics
9/23/11 Question 2a: ____________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: ______________________________________________________________________________________
Step 3a: ___________________________________________________________________________________
Question: _________________________________________________________________________________ Homework: I want you to explain how Rachels evaluates the argument in Step 3. We will discuss this in class on
Monday. Let me give you some guidance in doing this:
1. In the section, “The Consequences of Taking Cultural Relativism Seriously,” Rachels makes three
arguments against cultural relativism. What are these three arguments? Properly formulate the arguments.
These three arguments are directed against which premise in the Step 3 argument above?
2. In the section, “Why There is Less Disagreement Than It Seems,” Rachels argues against cultural
relativism. Which premise(s) in the Step 3 argument above is Rachels arguing against?
3. In the section, “How All Cultures Have Some Values in Common,” Rachels, it would seem, is arguing
once more against cultural relativism – offering yet another argument against the view. Suppose that this is
what Rachels is doing. Which premise(s) in the Step 3 argument above is Rachels arguing against? There is
a significant problem that Rachels faces if he is offering here an argument against cultural relativism. What
is the problem? This is a subtle point which will probably be difficult for you to see on your own. 2 ...
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