Medical Ethics Darin Harootunian 9/26/11 1 “The Challenge of Cultural Relativism,” James Rachels (Part 2) Let’s continue with our evaluation of the Cultural Differences Argument: The Cultural Differences Argument 1. Different cultures have different moral codes. 2. Therefore, there is no objective "truth" in morality. Right and wrong are only matters of opinion, and opinions vary from culture to culture. We proceed as follows: Step 1: Determine whether the argument is deductive or non-deductive. Questions: Did the speaker intend the truth of the premises to guarantee the truth of the conclusion? If ‘yes’, then deductive. Or did the speaker intend the truth of the premises simply to probabilify the conclusion, not guarantee its truth, but make it more likely that the conclusion is true? If ‘yes’, then non-deductive. Answer with respect to the CDA: I dunno! I t’s not clear what the speaker intended the relation to be between the premise and the conclusion. So we need to consider two cases:
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This note was uploaded on 11/07/2011 for the course PHIL 164 taught by Professor Doviak during the Fall '07 term at UMass (Amherst).