Medical Ethics Darin Harootunian 9/26/11 3 The Non-Deductive Argument for Cultural Relativism (More Carefully Formulated) 1) Cultural Relativism (our hypothesis H ) explain morality (the phenomenon to be explained) – in particular, it explains the nature of morality, our moral experience, the content of moral codes, the fact that different cultures have different moral codes , etc, where these particular things to be explained can be considered our observation claims, O 1 …O n . 2) Cultural Relativism explains morality better than any available alternative theory of morality (i.e. better than any available alternative to hypothesis H ) Thus, 3) Cultural Relativism is likely to be true. So after rejecting the CDA as deductively invalid, Rachels then targets this Non-Deductive Argument for Cultural Relativism. In the remainder of the paper, he directs a number of philosophical considerations against Cultural Relativism – intending to show that cultural relativism is an untenable ethical view
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