Medical Ethics Darin Harootunian 9/12/11 1 Deductive and Non-Deductive Arguments Arguments can be divided into deductive arguments and non-deductivearguments. The premises of a deductiveargument are intended by the author to guaranteethe truth of the conclusion. The premises of a non-deductiveargument are not intended by the author to guarantee the truth of the conclusion. With an inductive argument, the author intends to offer premises (reasons) for a conclusion such that if the premises are true, the conclusion is likely to be true, not guaranteed to be true. Consider the following arguments: 1) All pretzels are radioactive objects. 2) All radioactive objects are good for whitening your teeth. Thus, 3) all pretzels are good for whitening your teeth. 1) The patient has been weak and febrile for 3 days with a temperature ranging between 100 and 102 degrees F. 2) The patient’s cough and conjunctivitis has persisted for 5 days.
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3 days, 102 degrees, Darin Harootunian, 5