Medical Ethics Darin Harootunian 9/14/11 1 Non-Deductive Arguments A group of ornithologists made the following observations and inference: 1) Swan1 is white. 2) Swan2 is white. 3) Swan 3is white. Thus, 4) all swans are white. 1) The patient has been weak and febrile for 3 days with a temperature ranging between 100 and 102 degrees F. 2) The patient’s cough and conjunctivitis has persistedfor 5 days. 3) The patient has maculopapular erythemas on his chest and back and all four extremities. Thus, 4) the patient has measles. Streptococcus pneumonia was not observed on anyof the 50 culture plates containing trimethoprim. This result confirms the findings of every peer-reviewed published study which examined Streptococcus pneumonia in the presence of trimethoprim. We conclude that trimethoprim is an effective anti-microbial for Streptococcus pneumonia. Non-deductive arguments are called inductive arguments. With an inductive argument, the speaker intends the premises to make the conclusion likely to be true –
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