Act%20Utilitarianism%20-%20A%20Closer%20Look%20%28Wilhelm%2c%20Dr.%20Utility%2c%20and%20Trolleys%29-

Act%20Utilitarianism%20-%20A%20Closer%20Look%20%28Wilhelm%2c%20Dr.%20Utility%2c%20and%20Trolleys%29-

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Medical Ethics Darin Harootunian 9/9/11 2 John is a cardiologist only if John is a medical doctor. John’s being a medical doctor is necessary condition for John’s being a cardiologist. We could translate the “only if” sentence into an “if, then” sentence: If John is a cardiologist, then John is a medical doctor. “John is a medical doctor” is in the consequent of the conditional sentence – the position of a necessary condition! Eating your broccoli is a necessary condition for being allowed to play outside you must eat it, you are required to eat it, in order to play outside. Eating your broccoli isn t a sufficient condition for being allowed to play outside there might be other conditions that must be satisfied before being allowed to play outside, such as clearing the table first. Often we provide an analysis of a term or concept in terms of necessary and sufficient conditions. For example, x is a bachelor if and only if x is a male human and x in unmarried. A sentence that contains the expression
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This note was uploaded on 11/07/2011 for the course PHIL 164 taught by Professor Doviak during the Fall '07 term at UMass (Amherst).

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