Medical Ethics Darin Harootunian 9/9/11 2 John is a cardiologist only if John is a medical doctor. John’s being a medical doctor is necessary condition for John’s being a cardiologist. We could translate the “only if” sentence into an “if, then” sentence: If John is a cardiologist, then John is a medical doctor. “John is a medical doctor” is in the consequent of the conditional sentence – the position of a necessary condition! Eating your broccoli is a necessary condition for being allowed to play outside – you must eat it, you are required to eat it, in order to play outside. Eating your broccoli isn ’ t a sufficient condition for being allowed to play outside – there might be other conditions that must be satisfied before being allowed to play outside, such as clearing the table first. Often we provide an analysis of a term or concept in terms of necessary and sufficient conditions. For example, x is a bachelor if and only if x is a male human and x in unmarried. A sentence that contains the expression
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This note was uploaded on 11/07/2011 for the course PHIL 164 taught by Professor Doviak during the Fall '07 term at UMass (Amherst).