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Act%20Utilitarianism%20-%20A%20Closer%20Look%20%28Wilhelm%2c%20Dr.%20Utility%2c%20and%20Trolleys%29-

Act%20Utilitarianism%20-%20A%20Closer%20Look%20%28Wilhelm%2c%20Dr.%20Utility%2c%20and%20Trolleys%29-

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Medical Ethics Harootunian 9/19/11 1 The Three Branches of Ethics Part 2 As I noted last time, the philosophical study of ethics is typically divided into three branches: 1) Normative Ethics a) Normative Ethics of Behavior (NEB) b) Axiology 2) Meta-Ethics 3) Applied Ethics Today, I will discuss axiology, the second branch of normative ethics. On Wednesday, I will discuss meta-ethics and applied ethics. Since we didn t finish discussing all of the material on the handout from the last class, today s handout is shorter than usual. b) Axiology Axiology’s Primary Question s of Focus: What makes something valuable ? What makes something good or bad ? What kinds of good and bad are there? Axiology seeks to identify the features or characteristics that make something good or bad . The object of evaluation in axiology is a state of affairs , or a possible world , or a human life , or a person’s character . A state of affairs is a partial specification of a way the world is or could be it s
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