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Medical Ethics Harootunian 9/19/11 2 Something is extrinsically good if and only if it is good because it brings about other things that are good, whether those things are extrinsically good or intrinsically good. For example, pleasure is said by Bentham and Mill and other (philosophical) hedonists to be intrinsically good. For example, having money is extrinsically good. (Question: Are some pleasures better than others because they are different in kind? John Stuart Mill said, yes, as we will see.) Of course there is also a distinction made between intrinsically bad and extrinsically bad . For example, pain is said by Mill and the philosophical hedonists to be intrinsically bad. For example, lacking money is extrinsically bad. Examples of axiological theories: Hedonism
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Unformatted text preview: : The theory that pleasure is the only intrinsically good thing. Desire-Satisfaction Theories : The theory that the satisfaction of a person’s desires is the only intrinsically good thing. (Is the satisfaction of just any desire that a person might have the only intrinsically good thing? Or is it the satisfaction of any rational or informed desire that a person might have that is the only intrinsically good thing?) G.E. Moore’s Theory of Good : The theory that the property of goodness, which exists in the world independently of human beings, is irreducible and undefinable. These views are just a few examples of axiological theories. Some axiological theories are pluralistic – they recognize several different kinds of intrinsically good things....
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This note was uploaded on 11/07/2011 for the course PHIL 164 taught by Professor Doviak during the Fall '07 term at UMass (Amherst).

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