Act%20Utilitarianism%20-%20A%20Closer%20Look%20%28Wilhelm%2c%20Dr.%20Utility%2c%20and%20Trolleys%29-

Act%20Utilitarianism%20-%20A%20Closer%20Look%20%28Wilhelm%2c%20Dr.%20Utility%2c%20and%20Trolleys%29-

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Medical Ethics Darin Harootunian 9/21/11 2 First, consider two ethical statements, “Murder is morally wrong,” and “Love is intrinsically good.” 1) Meta-Ethical Question: Are ethical statements (like the two above) true or false? Cognitivist theories are (meta-ethical) theories that say ethical statements are true or false. Non-cognitivist theories are (meta-ethical) theories that say ethical statements are neither true nor false they have no truth values! A non-cognitivist might say that ethical statements are implicit commands: “Murder is morally wrong” just means Don’t murder! Or a non-cognitivist might say that ethical statements are statements that speakers use to evince their approval or disapproval, “Murder is morally wrong,” just means Murder yuck! On a non- cognitivist theory, the sentences “Murder is wrong” and “Love is intrinsically good” don’t have truth values. And an
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This note was uploaded on 11/07/2011 for the course PHIL 164 taught by Professor Doviak during the Fall '07 term at UMass (Amherst).

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