Medical Ethics Darin Harootunian 10/7/11 1 Kant’sGroundwork for the Metaphysics of MoralsKant’s ethical theory is adeontological theory of ethics. A deontological ethical theory is a type of normative ethical theory of behavior; it focuses on moral dutyor moral obligation–what we morally ought to do. The notion of moral obligationis foundational to a deontic theory. (Deon means duty. Deontologyis the science of duty.) On a deontological theory, the moral value of an action depends upon the agent’sintention in performing the action. Kant begins the Groundworkwith this claim: It is impossible to think of anything at all in the world, or indeed even beyond it, that could be considered good without limitation except a good will. We can paraphrase the claim as follows: The only thing that is good without qualification is a good will. What does it mean to say that something is good without qualification?
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