Medical Ethics Darin Harootunian 10/7/11 2 An inclination , as used in this context, is any motivation to act other than the motivation of duty: …to act from duty is to put aside entirely the influence of inclination and with it every object of the will; hence there is left for the will nothing that could determine it except objectively the law and subjectively pure respect for this practical law, and so the maxim of complying with such a law even if it infringes upon all my inclinations. Kant makes a distinction between acting from duty and acting according to duty . We can see the distinction by consider ing Kant’s own examples. Kant discusses the following cases. Identify which agents act from a good will and which agents act according to a good will . If the agent is only acting according to duty, identify what the motivation for the action is – what t he agent’s inclination is for the action: 1. A prudent shopkeeper who deals honestly with his customers because doing so is in his
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This note was uploaded on 11/07/2011 for the course PHIL 164 taught by Professor Doviak during the Fall '07 term at UMass (Amherst).