Medical Ethics Darin Harootunian 10/7/11 3 rational agent in virtue of the agent being rational. So what is it? Kant’s first formulation of the Categorical Imperative is this . I’ll call this formulation, CI-Universal Law: CI-Universal Law (CI-UL): Act only in accordance with that maxim through which you can at the same time will that it become a universal law of nature. Kant formulates a second version of the Categorical Imperative: CI-Human End (CI-HE): So act that you use humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, always at the same time as an end, never merely as a means. The CI-Universal Law may be understood as a procedure for determining whether an act is morally permissible . It consists of four steps. We’ll call these 4 steps the Categorical Imperative Procedure (CI-Procedure): 1. Adopt a maxim – a general policy or course of action, given certain circumstances, and given a particular end. (e.g. When I’m in circumstances C and want end E , I’ll do X.) 2. Suppose that the maxim is a universal law of nature governing all rational agents, such that every rational agent must act, by the necessity of a natural law, according to the maxim, given that
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