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Unformatted text preview: A job can increase motivation and effort by the following features: 1. Skill Variety- job requires different activities requiring different skills 2. Task Identity- seeing one’s part in the completion of the end-product 3. Task significance- the impact that the job has on the lives of others 4. Autonomy- amount of personal responsibility and discretion that one has at work (freedom) 5. Feedback- amount of clear and objective information on job performance What is expectancy theory (Vroom)? (pg. 84-86) [what you expect as an outcome] From Slides (Vroom): ● Behavior is dependent on: ○ The attractiveness of an outcome ○ How much an individual believes his/her action will lead to the final outcome ○ Whether or not the individual perceives that he/she can give the effort to achieve the action (and thus the outcome)...
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- Fall '11
- expectancy theory, Extrinsic- external motivator, Intrinsic- Internal motivator