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Unformatted text preview: quality. La manzana est verde. The apple is green. (condition) La manzana es verde. The apple is green. (essence) Note how the adjective "verde" actually changes meaning, depending upon whether it is used with ser or estar. La manzana est verde. (condition: verde = unripe) La manzana es verde. (essential characteristic: verde = color green) To address condition, use estar. Estar is an irregular verb. It does not follow the standard rules of conjugation for regular -ar verbs. Therefore, you must memorize it. estar estoy ests est estamos estis estn To address an essential quality, use ser. Ser is also irregular and must be memorized. ser soy eres es somos sois son If you are talking about what something is, use ser; if you are talking about how something is, use estar. What is she like? She is quiet. Use ser: Ella es callada. How is she acting? She is being quiet. Use estar: Ella est callada....
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- Fall '10