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Unformatted text preview: they agree in gender and number with the nouns that they modify. La puerta estÃ¡ cerrada . The door is closed. Las puertas estÃ¡n cerradas . The doors are closed. El restaurante estÃ¡ abierto . The restaurant is open. Los restaurantes estÃ¡n abiertos . The restaurants are open. The past participle can be combined with the verb "ser" to express the passive voice. Use this construction when an action is being described, and introduce the doer of the action with the word "por." La casa fue construida por los carpinteros. The house was built by the carpenters. La tienda es abierta todos los dÃas por el dueÃ±o. The store is opened every day by the owner. Note that for -er and -ir verbs, if the stem ends in a vowel, a written accent will be required. creer - creÃdo oÃr - oÃdo Note: this rule does not apply, and no written accent is required for verbs ending in -uir. (construir, seguir, influir, distinguir, etc.)...
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- Fall '10
- Latin, Participle, Gerund, past participle, La puerta estÃ¡ cerrada, El restaurante estÃ¡ abierto