porandpara - "Por and"para have a variety of meanings and...

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"Por" and "para" have a variety of meanings, and they are often confused because they can each be translated as "for." Gracias por la información. Thanks for the information. Este regalo es para Juan. This gift is for Juan. To learn to use "por" and "para" correctly, you need to do two things: 1. Learn the rules for how por and para are used. 2. Memorize model sentences. "Por" has many uses, and so it is the more problematic of the two. Rule: to express gratitude or apology Model: Gracias por la ayuda. (Thanks for the help.) Rule: for multiplication and division Model: Dos por dos son cuatro. (Two times two equals four.) Rule: for velocity, frequency and proportion Model: Voy al restaurante cinco veces por semana. (I go to the restaurant five times per week.) Rule: meaning "through," "along," "by" or "in the area of" Model: Andamos por el parque. (We walk through the park.) Rule: when talking about exchange, including sales Model: Él me dio diez dólares por el libro. (He gave me ten dollars for the book.) Rule: to mean "on behalf of," or "in favor of," Model: No voté por nadie. (I didn't vote for anyone.) Rule: to express a length of time Model: Yo estudié por dos horas.
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