subjunctive - ll too frequently, the topic of the...

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ll too frequently, the topic of the subjunctive is made far more difficult than is necessary. Let's try a slightly different approach, with the goal of making this topic less troublesome. The subjunctive is not a tense; rather, it is a mood. Tense refers to when an action takes place (past, present, future), while mood merely reflects how the speaker feels about the action. The subjunctive mood is rarely used in English, but it is widely used in Spanish. Here are some examples of the subjunctive being used in English: The doctor recommends that he take the pills with food. Subjunctive conjugation: he take The law requires that you be 18 years old to vote. Subjunctive conjugation: you be If I were a rich man, I wouldn't have to work hard. Subjunctive conjugation: I were So far, you have studied verb tenses in the indicative mood. The indicative mood is used to express factual information, certainty, and objectivity. Usted va al Perú en diciembre. You are going to Peru in December. The above sentence merely reports the fact that you are going to Peru in December, so the indicative mood is used. Let's change the above example slightly: No dudo que usted va al Perú en diciembre. I don't doubt that you are going to Peru in December. In the above sentence, the clause "no dudo" introduces a quality of certainty , -- the speaker has no doubt, so the indicative mood is used in the second clause (va) as well as the first (no dudo) .
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Let's make another slight change to our example: Dudo que usted vaya al Perú en diciembre. I doubt that you are going to Peru in December. In the above sentence, the clause "dudo" introduces a quality of uncertainty , -- the speaker does have doubt, so here the subjunctive mood is used in the second clause (vaya) . The subjunctive mood is used to express everything except certainty and objectivity: things like doubt, uncertainty, subjectivity, etc. Yo dudo que usted vaya
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subjunctive - ll too frequently, the topic of the...

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