81 - él form of the verb If you simply added the ending...

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When the stem of the verb ends in a vowel, some spelling changes are necessary in certain forms in  the preterite. This special spelling change only happens in the preterite tense and is not considered a  stem changer. If there are three vowels in a row and the middle one is the letter  i,  you must change  the  i  to  y . The preterite endings for –  er  and –  ir  verbs will cause the  i>y  spelling change to happen in  the third person forms (  él, ella, usted, ellos, ellas,  and  ustedes ), and an accent will be added to any  other letter –  i  in the base of the verb in the conjugation chart.  Table 4 is a conjugation chart of the verb  caer  (to fall), which illustrates these changes. Consider the 
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Unformatted text preview: él form of the verb. If you simply added the ending –ió to the base of the verb ca–, the result would be caió. Since there are three vowels and the middle one is the letter i, it changes to y in the chart. Notice this also happens to the third person plural form of the verb. Table 4. Preterite Forms of the Verb Caer Singular Plural yo caí (I fell) nosotros/nosotras caímos (we fell) tú caíste (you [informal] fell) vosotros/vosotras caísteis (you [informal] fell) usted cayó (you [formal] fell) ustedes cayeron (you [formal] fell) él cayó (he fell) ellos cayeron (they fell) ella cayó (she fell) ellas cayeron (they fell)...
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This note was uploaded on 11/06/2011 for the course SPAN 101 taught by Professor Oliveros during the Fall '09 term at Texas State.

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