81 - l form of the verb. If you simply added the ending i...

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When the stem of the verb ends in a vowel, some spelling changes are necessary in certain forms in  the preterite. This special spelling change only happens in the preterite tense and is not considered a  stem changer. If there are three vowels in a row and the middle one is the letter  i,  you must change  the  i  to  y . The preterite endings for –  er  and –  ir  verbs will cause the  i>y  spelling change to happen in  the third person forms (  él, ella, usted, ellos, ellas,  and  ustedes ), and an accent will be added to any  other letter –  i  in the base of the verb in the conjugation chart.  Table 4 is a conjugation chart of the verb  caer  (to fall), which illustrates these changes. Consider the 
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Unformatted text preview: l form of the verb. If you simply added the ending i to the base of the verb ca, the result would be cai. Since there are three vowels and the middle one is the letter i, it changes to y in the chart. Notice this also happens to the third person plural form of the verb. Table 4. Preterite Forms of the Verb Caer Singular Plural yo ca (I fell) nosotros/nosotras camos (we fell) t caste (you [informal] fell) vosotros/vosotras casteis (you [informal] fell) usted cay (you [formal] fell) ustedes cayeron (you [formal] fell) l cay (he fell) ellos cayeron (they fell) ella cay (she fell) ellas cayeron (they fell)...
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