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C8e_31_Test_Bank - Biology 8e(Campbell Chapter 31 Fungi...

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Biology, 8e (Campbell) Chapter 31 Fungi Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Which of the following do all fungi have in common? A) meiosis in basidia B) coenocytic hyphae C) sexual life cycle D) absorption of nutrients E) symbioses with algae Answer: D Topic: Concept 31.1 Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension 2) The hydrolytic digestion of which of the following should produce monomers that are aminated (i.e., have an amine group attached) molecules of beta-glucose? 3) If all fungi in an environment that perform decomposition were to suddenly die, then which group of organisms should benefit most, due to the fact that their fungal competitors have been removed? 4) When a mycelium infiltrates an unexploited source of dead organic matter, what are most likely to appear within the food source soon thereafter? 1
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5) Which of the following is a characteristic of hyphate fungi (fungi featuring hyphae)? A) They acquire their nutrients by phagocytosis. B) Their body plan is a unicellular sphere. C) Their cell walls consist mainly of cellulose microfibrils. D) They are adapted for rapid directional growth to new food sources. E) They reproduce asexually by a process known as budding. Answer: D Topic: Concept 31.1 Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension 6) The functional significance of porous septa in certain fungal hyphae is most similar to that represented by which pair of structures in animal cells and plant cells, respectively? 7) What is the primary role of a mushroom's underground mycelium? 8) What do fungi and arthropods have in common? 2
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