Lecture6-EvaluationArguments

Lecture6-EvaluationArguments - Definition of Art Search for...

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Readings for this section: o Ch 14 (Evaluation Arguments) o Ch 11 (Definitions) Evaluation Arguments (Ch 14) Types: Evaluation vs. Ethical Evaluation: is x a member of class B? o How to evaluate? Must have some set of established criteria for objective evaluation o Is student x a good student? o Is a Toyota a good car? o Is a Picasso a good work of art? Is it a work of art at all? Steps: o Identify Criteria (or definition) o Develop Criteria as you consider examples o Make judgment – X is a member of B, or not
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Definitional Analysis (Activity) Dictionary Definitions Often incomplete Often circular o A man: an adult male human o Male: a man or a boy Definitions - explicit statements of what a word means Definitions state necessary and sufficient features for the meaning of a word o E.g. all bachelors are unmarried males (a necessary feature of being a bachelor is unmarried malehood) o E.g. all unmarried males are bachelors (a sufficient feature for being a bachelor is that one is an unmarried male)
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Unformatted text preview: Definition of Art Search for features that make a work of art can be difficult Here are a few 1. Beautiful (and not ugly) 2. Meaningful / Deep message 3. Requires great skill to produce 4. Complexity 5. Subtlety 6. Pleasant 7. Influential 8. Produce feelings in the audience Class Exercise: consider which of the above features fit the following famous paintings Creation of Adam Michelangelo Buonarroti (14751564) Apollo and Daphne Marble statue by Bernini (1598 - 1680) Depicting the chaste nymph Daphne being changed into a laurel tree when she tries to flee from Apollo Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Ecstasy of St. Theresa , 1647-52 (Cornaro Chapel, Santa Maria della Vittoria, Rome) No. 5/No. 22 Mark Rothko (American, born Russia (now Latvia). 1903-1970) Museum of Modern Art, New York Cambell Soup Cans (Andy Warhol) Che Guevara - Korda...
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Lecture6-EvaluationArguments - Definition of Art Search for...

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