Lecture7-DefinitionsAgain

Lecture7-DefinitionsAgain - Definitions Type of Definitions...

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Unformatted text preview: Definitions Type of Definitions: 1. Aristotelian Definitions – dictionary definitions – definition by identifying specific attributes that distinguish the term from all other things a. Robbery = df the felonious taking of property by force or intimidation (e.g. armed robbery) b. Larceny = df the felonious taking of property without force or intimidation (e.g. pick pocketing) 2. Operational Definitions – identify a thing by some measurable quantity a. Aggressive child = the number of times a child hits a b. Good student = 3.5 GPA or higher c. Advantage of operational definitions: easy to figure out whether a thing matches the criteria; d. Disadvantage: there may be missing features; e.g. there may be good students who have a low GPA because they are bored or have problems outside school, etc. Necessary and Sufficient Conditions ● Accidental criterion – a usual but not essential feature of a concept ○ E.g. wearing a mask is accidental criterion of robbery – masks can be worn but don’t have to E....
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Lecture7-DefinitionsAgain - Definitions Type of Definitions...

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