Notes for test 1 - Prejudice, Stereotyping, and...

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Prejudice, Stereotyping, and Discrimination Prejudice: o Attitude with an emotional response o Attitude may be positive or neg o Prejudice is a hostile or neg attitude toward a group of people based solely on their membership in that group o Individual traits go unnoticed or are dismissed Stereotypes: o Cognitive function o Generalization about a group of people in which identical characteristics are assigned to virtually all members of the group o Ex. Cheerleader, basketball player, airforce pilot, construction worker, engineering students o Can be positive or negative o Not an emotional reaction o Does not necessarily lead to acts of abuse or discrimination o Why do we have them? We categorize info according to what we regard as normal or normative Simplifies how we look at the world and process new things o What happens when we stereotype? Info consistent with our stereotype will be given more attention and more weight when we are making decisions Problem: we create self fulfilling prophecies SubTyping o When we meet someone that does not fit stereotype Exception to the rule Discrimination o Neg or harmful action toward members of a group simply based on membership in group o Behavioral response o Influenced by emotions and beliefs Summary o Stereotyping is a cognitive function o Prejudice is an emotional reaction o Discrimination is a behavioral act * Americans with Disabilities Act: ADA July 26, 1990 (effective date- 1992) President Bush Sr Extends civil rights and anti discrimination protection to persons with disabilities ADA was amended in 2008, known as ADA amendments act of 2008 ADAAA Purpose:
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o Give persons with disabilities access to same employment opportunities, public services, public accommodations, transportation, telecommunications Why do disabled qualify as a group whose rights need protection o Only 34% of working age disabled people had jobs in 1986 o US census Bureau: 51 million disabled citizens (18% of population) o Only 35% of working age disabled people had jobs in 2004 Discrimination is frequently remised on these factors: o Able bodied members feel discomfort and embarrassment o Patronize disabled o Our society has attached unpleasant stigmas to disabling conditions o Discrimination is most often the product of benign neglect – a result of apathetic attitudes ADA: does not cover sexual dysfunction o Can sue for access to a store o Covers ADD and ADHD o Credit cards o Omissions in building are in violation to ADA o Partial or no access to places in discrimination under ADA o Deaf high school student sued for not having a manager accept her application Exempt: religious organizations, and religious schools o Small businesses (less than 15) o Exception: all legal, health, and financial businesses must adhere to ADA requirements * How dos ADA define disability?
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Notes for test 1 - Prejudice, Stereotyping, and...

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