Nutritional%20Assessment%20Powerpoint

Nutritional%20Assessment%20Powerpoint - Nutritional...

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Nutritional Assessment Presented by: Amanda Monsey SN Texas Tech University
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Defining Nutritional Status Nutritional status refers to the degree of balance between nutrient intake and nutrient requirements.
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Defining Nutritional Status (cont) Optimal nutritonal status is achieved when sufficient nutrients are consumed to support day-to-day body needs and increased metabolic demands due to growth, pregnancy, or illness. Undernutrition occurs when nutritional reserves are depleted and/or when nutritional intake is inadequate to meet day-to-day needs or added metabolic demands. Causes impaired growth and development, lowered resistance to infection and disease, and delayed wound healing Overnutrition is caused by the consumption of nutrients in excess of body needs. Can lead to type 2 diabetes, HTN, stroke, gallbladder disease, sleep apnea, certain cancers, and osteoarthritis.
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Developmental Care Infant and Children: Most rapid growth occurs between birth to 4 months. Breastfeeding is recommended for full-term infants until the age of 1. < 2 years should not drink skim or low fat milk or placed on low fat diets
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Developmental Care Adolescence: Time of rapid physical growth and endocrine and hormonal changes. Caloric, protein, calcium, and iron requirements increase due to bone growth and increasing muscle mass.
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Developmental Care Pregnancy and Lactation: To support the synthesis of maternal and fetal tissues, sufficient calories, proteins, vitamins, and minerals must be consumed.
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Developmental Care Adulthood: Growth and nutrient needs stabilize. Lifestyle factors such as cigarette smoking, stress, lack of exercise, excessive alcohol intake, and diets high in saturated fat, cholesterol, salt, and sugar and low in fiber can cause development of HTN, obesity, atherosclerosis, cancer, diabetes mellitus, and osteoporosis.
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Nutritional%20Assessment%20Powerpoint - Nutritional...

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