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Experiential PaperBEHS 364 Alcohol in U.S. Society05 April 2020University of Maryland Global Campus
IntroductionAlcohol use disorder (AUD) is a chronic relapsing brain disease characterized bycompulsive alcohol use, loss of control over alcohol intake, and a negative emotional state whennot using("Alcohol Use Disorder", 2020). An estimated 15 million people in the United Stateshave AUD.Approximately 5.8 percent of adults over 18 or 14.4 million adults in the UnitedStates had AUD in 2018. Out of those 14.4 million, only 6.7% received professional treatmentfor AUD. Breaking it down further, only 7.4% of men and 5.4% of women who needed help foran alcohol problem actually sought help for that problem("How Many People Are Alcoholics inthe United States?", 2020). This disorder is linked to considerable psychological, medicalconsequences and motor vehicle accidents. The estimated annual cost of problems associatedwith alcohol use in 2010 was over $249 billion("Excessive Drinking is Draining the U.S.Economy", 2020).The following is a summary of results of an over the phone interview that was conductedwith a friend named Bob on 04 April, 2020. Bob is a 41-year-old Caucasian male who is marriedwith no kids. He works full time in the medical equipment industry and he reported no familyhistory of AUD. During this interview I utilized 2 different tests to identify AUD or if Bob hasalcohol dependence. I utilized the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) and theMichigan Alcohol Screening Test (MAST)MethodAUDIT is a 10-question screening tool that was developed by the World HealthOrganization (WHO) and has been used worldwide since 1989. AUDIT is broken down in to 3key categories that address alcohol intake and potential dependence on alcohol as well asexperience of alcohol-related harm. Many of the AUDIT’s questions reflect the fundamental