Biology Notes

Biology Notes - c. Eukarya (Includes protists, plants,...

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Chapter 1 Notes 1. Scientific Process 2. Hypothesis – Single variable must be dependent then a independent they must be objective a. If then statements 3. Interdependencies among Organisms a. Producers a.i. Make own food with external energy (keep matter and energy straight) a.ii. Ex. Plants producing stored energy (storing energy) and sugars or other energies we call food (Food is a molecule that can be used for energy or matter) Plants don’t take in food they make the food b. Consumers b.i. Depend on energy stored in tissues of others b.ii. Ex. Humans – End all, be all. c. Decomposers c.i. Break down remains and wastes c.ii. Ex. Bacteria and Fungi 4. Energy Flow – not cycles because it’s a one way direction a. Sun b. Organism to organism c. eventually, all energy flows back to the environment 5. 3 domain classifications of all living things a. Bacteria a.i. Single cell prokaryotes, most ancient lineage b. Archaea b.i. Single cell prokaryotes, live in extreme conditions
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Unformatted text preview: c. Eukarya (Includes protists, plants, fungi, and animals) c.i. Eukaryotes (With nucleus) single and multi celled protists, plants, fungi, and animals. c.ii. Ex. Most things you can walk outside and look at 6. Fungi release enzymes 7. Heterotrope get food from somewhere else 8. Levels of organization a. Ecosystem b. Community c. Population d. Organism e. Organ system f. Organ g. Tissue h. Cell i. Molecule j. Atom 9. Major Organic Molecules (Chapter 3) a. Do not need to know functional groups of structures of amino acids a.i. Carbohydrates a.i.1. Common Energy Storage molecules: Sugars and Starches a.i.2. Glucose (Monomer) a.i.3. Glycogen, Cellulose, Chitin (polymers) a.ii. Lipids a.iii. Nucleic Acids a.iii.1. Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) a.iii.2. Ribonucleic acid (RNA) a.iii.3. Made up of nucleotides a.iv. Proteins a.v....
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Biology Notes - c. Eukarya (Includes protists, plants,...

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