L8 Motivation

L8 Motivation - I.HistoricalTheoriesofMotivation...

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I.  Historical Theories of Motivation - what motivates us to do what we do A. Instinct Theory  (Evolutionary Theory) - every behavior was followed by an instinct theory, not  useful because it’s too circular, just gave another name to  behavior - Freud followed this theory  [Eros-love/life instinct, Thanatos- death instinct] B. Drive Theories  (Drive Reduction Theory) -  if you need something, you experience a negative feeling,  which forces you to behave to reduce the drive -if someone didn’t need anything, wouldn’t they be happy? - incentive-  external drive that can motivate behavior even  when no internal drive state exists C. Arousal Theory  = Optimal Level Theory -arousal-  a physiological state in which an individual is able  to process information effectively & engage in motivated  behavior
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-we seek an optimal level of stimulation -no stimulation, we seek stimulation 
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L8 Motivation - I.HistoricalTheoriesofMotivation...

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